Psychologists can be categorized into two types depending on their major activity:
- Research Psychologists
- Clinical Psychologists
Most Psychologists work in one of the following settings:
- Universities: Psychologists in universities teach what is known, and, through research, to add to what is known.
- Schools: School psychologists are primarily involved with testing, assessments, and counselling.
- Hospitals/Clinics and Private Practice: Most psychologists who work in these settings are clinical psychologists. Their main function is diagnoses and treatment of disorders.
- Business, Government and Industry: A variety of employment opportunities exist in these settings for psychologists, including job satisfaction and employee assessments, workplace stress, advertising, and environmental concerns.
- Community Health and Forensics: The primary responsibilities for psychologists working in a community setting are programme design and evaluation (usually in Mental Health/Family Centres), drug rehabilitation, sex counselling, and assisting lawyer with jury selection, custody disputes, and assessing the mental competency of defendants.
Individuals wishing to go into certain applied areas of psychology will usually require at least a Master’s degree, which demands two years of additional study. A Doctoral degree (PhD) takes several more years of graduate study and is usually required for those wishing to go into academic or clinical psychology.
To become a Psychologist you must first complete either a BA or BSc with a major in psychology and then go to graduate school for approximately 5 years to complete a PhD, specializing in the area of your choice. Many of our undergraduate students have been accepted at the best graduate schools in North America, completed their PhDs, and gone on to satisfying and successful careers in research, hospitals, schools, and business.